Blogs

May 15 - 19

Monday- Germany

  • 15th Century
    • Martin Luther
      • 1400-1500s
      • Very smart: reading, writing, Latin, arithmetic, astronomy, geometry, and philosophy
      • His dad wanted him to be a lawyer
      • He was caught in a violent thunderstorm and prayed to Jesus
      • Became a monk
      • 95 Theses
        • "Bible is central religious authority"
        • "Humans may reach salvation only by faith and no their deeds"
      • Started the Protestant Reformation
      • Changed the course of religious history
      • Pope condemned Luther's writings
      • Pope Leo excommunicated him from the Catholic Church 
  • 16th Century
    • Peace of Augsburg
      • 1555
      • Treaty between Charles V (Emperor) and Schmalkaldic League
      • Ended the religious struggle
      • Made the legal division of Christendom
      • Allowed rulers to choose Lutheran or Catholic 
  • 17th Century
    • 30 Years War
      • 1618-1648
      • Sweden, France, Spain, and Austria
      • Ferdinand II attempted to take away religious activities
      • Created rebellion from the Protestants
      • Ended with a bunch of treaties that make up the Peace of Westphalia 
  • 18th Century
    • Frederick the Great
      • 1712-1786
      • Also called Frederick II
      • When he was old enough, his dad forced him into the army
      • Prussia's king from 1740-1786
      • Inherited the throne from his dad
      • Established a strong military power
      • Gained control of Silesia, which started the 7 Years War 
      • Went back and forth between loss and gain of land
      • Did not gain land but the ending treaty allowed him to do so
    • Ludwig van Beethoven
      • 1700s-1800s
      • German composer
      • Musical figure
      • Was deaf 
      • Music ran in his family, his father and grandfather were composers and musicians 
    • 7 Years War
      • 1756-1763
      • French Revolution 
  • 19th Century
    • Treaty of Berlin
      • July 13, 1878
      • Signed by 
        • United Kingdom
        • Austria-Hungary
        • French Third Republic
        • German Empire
        • Kingdom of Italy
        • Russian Empire
        • Ottoman Empire
      • Granted independence to the former Ottoman territories:
        • Romania
        • Serbia
        • Montenegro 
  • 20th Century
    • Adolf Hitler
      • Alois and Klara Hitler
      • 5 siblings
      • 1 sibling survived into adulthood
      • Dad was abusive and angry
      • Father passed away and mother died of breast cancer before he was 20
      • Tried to get into Vienna Academy of Fine Arts 
      • During his homeless times, he became infatuated with politics 
      • He volunteered for WWI
      • When the war ended, Hitler grew a hatred for the Jews
      • Unsatisfied with results from WWI
      • Sent his troops into Poland
      • Pearl Harbor sent United States into war
      • Concentration camps- Holocaust 
      • To avoid arrest and blame of the war, he committed suicide 
    • Splitting
      • Germany was broken into Soviet, American, British, and French zones
      • City of Berlin was split 
    • Berlin Wall
      • US helped with the Berlin Airlift (bring food and fuel to Berlin)
      • It was unclear who would control Germany
      • Berlin Airlift started the Cold War
      • Ended in 1949 but started back up in 1958
      • Separated into East and West Germany
      • There were checkpoints in the wall to cross the border
      • The wall was 12 feet tall and 4 feet wide
      • On November 9, 1989, during the Cold War, the head of the East Communist Party announced that German citizens could cross the border whenever
    • Reunification
      • End of the Cold War 
      • Within a year after the wall came down, East and West officials began to think about possible reunification
    • Treaty of Versailles
      • Signed on June 28, 1919
      • Signed in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles in France
      • Effective January 10, 1920
      • Ratified by Germany and four principal allied powers
      • Ended the state of war between Germany and the allied powers
      • Most important Treaty that brought WWI to an end 
      • Main powers: United States, France, Japan, Italy, British Empire
      • Central Powers: Germany 
    • World War I
      • 1914-1918
      • Formed new countries in Europe and the Middle East
      • Establish the League of Nations
      • Trench Warfare began in 1916

Tuesday-Germany (continued) 

    • German Revolution
      • 1918-1919
      • War was finally coming to an end
      • "Ripe for a revolution"
      • Ended the first World War
      • Established the Weimar Republic 
    • World War II
      • 1939-1945
      • Ended in an Allied Victory
      • Resulted in the collapse of Nazi Germany
      • Beginning of the Cold War
      • Creation of the United Nations
      • Deaths
        • Axis: 12,000,000
        • Allied: 61,000,000
    • Treaty of Rapallo
      • April 16, 1922
      • Germany and Soviet Union
      • Re-established normal relations between the nations
      • Angered Western allies 
  • 21st Century
    • Migrants from Middle East 
      • More than 1 million migrants and refugees cross into Europe in 2015
      • Majority crossed by sea, others by land
      • Conflict in Syria (Civil War) is the biggest reason that migrants are coming over
    • ISIS
      • Truck assault in Berlin, Germany, believed to be people from ISIS
      • 12 people died, 48 were injured
      • Crashed into a Christmas market

Wednesday-

Thursday-

Friday-Semester Test Day

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